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Adrenaline and Noradrenaline

    from Latin: glandula adrenalis
    Synonym: Epinephrine and norepinephrine

 

Definition

Adrenaline is to the group of catecholamine neuro hormons.

Noradrenaline is secreted by the Adrenaline gland; meaning it is made of adrenaline

The adrenal glands are a pair of triangle shaped organs that rest on top of the kidneys. The glands are made up of two parts, the cortex or outer section, which produces cortisone, and the medulla or center section, which secretes adrenaline.

In addition to producing cortisone, the adrenal cortex (outer ring of gland) also helps to maintain the salt and water balance in the body, and is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and the regulation of blood sugar.

The adrenal medulla (the inner part of the gland) produces adrenaline, also known as the hormone epinephrine, when the body is under stress. This hormone speeds up the metabolism and produces other changes within the body that assist in coping with danger.

The adrenal help wake us up in the morning by producing cortisol which suppress the sleep hormone melatonin. The adrenal help control our blood sugar. They make hormones, which help raise our blood sugar under times of stress so that we can have energy. The adrenals control sodium, potassium and chlorides in our body, which adjust our fluid balance. They do this by working with the kidneys. The adrenals work closely with our thyroid gland to keep are metabolism high. The adrenals act like the fuel pump and the thyroid like the spark plugs. This keeps the fuel we consume for our food being combusted into energy.

When we have stress, whether physical or emotional, adrenal hormones help provide energy for us to get through the stress. The adrenals need vitamins, minerals and amino acids in order to make the hormones and to repair and keep themselves healthy. Vitamin C, B5, B6, iron, manganese, sodium and potassium act as stimulants to the adrenals. Vitamin B12, B2, Calcium, magnesium, copper, vitamin D can regulate the adrenals by slowing them down if they are going to fast or by suppressing them below normal. It takes more then the RDA or the amounts found common it foods to do this.

Fats like butter, oil, lard nuts, seeds etc slow down the adrenals. Proteins and sodium tend to speed them up!

Hans Selye from McGill University says Stress is a nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it. Regardless of the stressor the reaction is the same. This is known as General Adaptation Syndrome, which has 3 stages: 1. the alarm reaction or adrenaline adaption
Here aldosterone secretion increases and sodium is retained. This occurs in response to a new stress! Body is programmed for homeostasis (a balanced state) When a stressor is presented body goes into flight or fight mode Blood pressure increases, respiration rate increases; muscles tense; digestion is inhibited; heart rate increases; blood flow increase to extremities; adrenaline is secreted; perspiration increases In ancient times stressor would present and disappear; now stressor may not be as serious but may be seen in many places resulting in prolonged stress reactions Stress may be real or imagined
2. the resistance phase or adrenaline maladaption
Glucocorticoid steroids are released to balance aldosterone. These increase potassium to balance sodium. This occurs as the stress continues and the body tries to adapt to it. Body signs of stress disappear; resistance rises; neural glandular systems become hyperactive; person remains in constant state of over stimulation If all is ok the resistance stage shuts off the body goes back to normal. But if the stress continues we eventually go into the exhaustion stage.
3. the exhaustion stage
Body exhausts itself and physical signs of stress reappear; now these may become irreversible unless correct nutrition is used to bring the adrenals glands back; example high blood pressure. This is what is called “Chronic fatigue Syndrome"

Stress Effects on the Adrenaline Gland - Cortisol Production Next  page 

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